Muhammad al-Razi, or by his full name Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi, was an important figure in history of medicine. He made lasting contributions that changed the world of medicine. He was also a teacher of medicine who attracted to students from all over the world. Through translation, his medical works and ideas became known among medieval European practitioners and profoundly influenced medical education in the Latin West. Some volumes of his work Al-Mansuri, namely “On Surgery” and “A General Book on Therapy”, became part of the medical curriculum in Western universities. He was also one of the most notable scholars of the house of wisdom. And he became known He became known as “The unchallenged chief physician of the Muslims”, “The Arab Galen”, and “The most brilliant genius of the Middle Ages”.
Among his most famous books was “al-Judari and al-Hasbah” which was the first book describing smallpox, and was translated more than a dozen times into Latin and other European languages. Some of his medical books were in great demand and had a great reputation, also his scientific theories went to Europe. Many of his books have been translated into European languages, and adopted by universities in Europe, where they remained the first reference in medicine until the 17th century, these books remained the basic references for studying medicine in Europe until the seventeenth century.
“His writings on smallpox and measles show originality and accuracy, and his essay on infectious diseases was the first scientific treatise on the subject.” – The Bulletin of the World Health Organization (May 1970)
He was very compassionate, offering his services to the rich and poor alike. He attacked charlatans and fake doctors who roamed the cities and countryside selling their nostrums and ‘cures’. At the same time, he warned that even highly educated doctors did not have the answers to all medical problems and could not cure all sicknesses or heal every disease.
Al-Razi was a great scholar and physician whose works changed the history of medicine. He deserves being described as described as a doctor’s doctor, the father of pediatrics, and a pioneer of ophthalmology.
Some of his Achievements:
- Al-Razi was the first physician to diagnose and treat smallpox, measles, and the first one to distinguish
the difference between them
- Gave a detailed description of the diseases of children and women, childbirth and reproductive diseases, ophthalmology and its diseases
- He was a pioneer of empirical research in the medical sciences, has himself done some experiments on animals like monkeys, where he gave them medicines, noted the impact, and if it was successful, he treated people with them.
- He took care of the psychological aspects of the patient, raised his morale and tried to remove his fears through the use of the known psychological techniques until cured, he said that: “The doctor should purport the patient with health and give him hope, even if he was not sure, for the body’s mood is appurtenant with the self (soul) ethics.
- He’s considered as the promethean of sutures known as Al-Kassab
- Al-Razi also was known in the field of clinical medicine, where he had a broad horizon in this area, as he differentiated clearly between smallpox and measles, and was the first to describe these two diseases accurately and distinctively using correct remedies
- He wrote more than 100 books
Written by: Osama Waheib